Renaissance and Mannerism in Cinquecento Italy

HIGH AND LATE RENAISSANCEinterior-of-the-sistine-chapel-michelangelo-buonarroti

Interior of the Sistine Chapel (looking west), Vatican City, Rome, Italy, built 1473; ceiling and alter wall frescoes by MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, 1508-1512 and 1536-1541, respectively.

Leonardo_ Madonna of the rocksLEONARDO DA VINCI, Madonna of the Rocks, from San Francesco Grande, Milan, Italy, begun 1483.  Oil on wood (transferred to canvas), 6′ 6 1/2″ X 4′.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

VitruvianMan_LeonardoLEONARDO DA VINCI, Vitruvian Man, ca. 1485–1490. Pen and ink on paper, 1’ 1 1/2” X 9 5/8”. Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice.

leonardo_da_vinci_the_last_supperLEONARDO DA VINCI, Last Supper, ca. 1495-1498.  Oil and tempera on plaster, 13′ 9″ X 29′ 10″.  Refectory, Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan.

Michelangelo_PietaMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Pietà, ca. 1498-1500.  Marble, 5′ 8 1/2″ high.  Saint Peter’s, Vatican City, Rome.

michelangelo_DavidMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, David, from Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy, 1501-1504.  Marble, 17′ high.  Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence.

TempiettoDONATO D’ANGELO BRAMANTE, Tempietto, San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, Italy, begun 1502.

mona-lisaLEONARDO DA VINCI, Mona Lisa, ca. 1503-1505.  Oil on wood, 2′ 6 1/4″ X 1′ 9″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

Leonardo_da_Vinci_-_Madonna_and_Child_with_St_Anne_and_the_Young_St_JohnLEONARDO DA VINCI, cartoon for Madonna and Child with Saint Anne and the Infant Saint John, ca. 1505-1507.  Charcoal heightened with white on brown paper, 4′ 6″ X 3′ 3″.  National Gallery, London.

Raphael_Madonna of the MeadowRAPHAEL, Madonna in the Meadow, 1505-1506.  Oil on wood, 3′ 8 1/2″ X 2′ 10 1/4″.  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Raphael_School_of_Athens_02RAPHAEL, Philosophy (School of Athens), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, Italy, 1509-1511.  Fresco, 19′ X 27′.

raphael_theologyRAPHAEL, Theology (Disputation of the Holy Sacrament), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509-1511.  Fresco.

Raphael_-Law (Justice)RAPHAEL, Law/Justice (The Cardinal Virtues), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509-1511.  Fresco.

Raphael_09RAPHAEL, Poetry (The Parnassus), Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rome, 1509-1511.  Fresco.

Michelangelo_Sistine ChapelMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1508-1512.  Fresco, 128′ X 45′.

fall-of-manMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Fall of Man, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, ca. 1510.  Fresco, 9′ 2″ X 18′ 8″.

Michelangelo_-_Creation_of_AdamMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Creation of Adam, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1511-1512.  Fresco, 9′ 2″ X 18′ 8″.

restorationMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, detail of the Prophet Daniel on the Sistine Chapel ceiling, before (left) and after (right) the cleaning and restoration process, 1977-1989.

fetusLEONARDO DA VINCI, The Fetus and Lining of the Uterus, ca. 1511-1513.  Pen and ink with wash over red chalk and traces of black chalk on paper, 1′ X 8 5/8″.  Royal Library, Windsor Castle.

michelangelo_MosesMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Moses, from the tomb of Pope Julius II, Rome, Italy, ca. 1513-1515.  Marble, 7′ 8 1/2″ high.  San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

“The Bound Slave” by MichelangeloMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Bound Slave (Rebellious Captive), from the tomb of Pope Julius II, Rome, Italy, ca. 1513-1516.  Marble, 7′ 5/8″ high.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

titian_assumption_of_the_virginTITIAN, Assumption of the Virgin, 1515-1518.  Oil on wood, 22′ 7 1/2″ X 11 10″.  Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice.

michelangelo_Medici tombMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, tomb of Giuliano de’ Medici, New Sacristy (Medici Chapel), San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy, 1519-1534.  Marble, central figure 5′ 11″ high.

Titian_IsabellaTITIAN, Isabella d’Este, 1534-1536.  Oil on canvas, 3′ 4 1/8″ X 2′ 1 3/16″.  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

titian_venus of urbinoTITIAN, Venus of Urbino, 1536-1538.  Oil on canvas, 3′ 11″ X 5′ 5″.  Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.

last-judgement-michelangeloMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Last Judgment, altar wall of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1536-1541.  Fresco, 48′ X 44′.

palladio_rotondaANDREA PALLADIO, Villa Rotonda (formerly Villa Capra; looking south), near Vicenza, Italy, ca. 1550-1570.

Palladio MaggioreANDREA PALLADIO, San Giorgio Maggiore (looking southeast), Venice, Italy, begun 1566.

MANNERISM

Parmigianino_self-portrait-at-the-mirrorPARMIGIANINO, Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, 1524.  Oil on wood, 9 5/8″ diameter.  Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Pontormo_entombment of christJACOPO DA PONTORMO, Entombment of Christ, Capponi chapel, Santa Felicità, Florence, Italy, 1525-1528.  Oil on wood, 10′ 3″ X 6′ 4″.

Madonna with the Long NeckPARMIGIANINO, Madonna with the Long Neck, from the Baiardi chapel, Santa Maria dei Servi, Parma, Italy, 1534-1540.  Oil on wood, 7′ 1″ X 4′ 4″.  Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.

cellini_saltcellarBENVENUTO CELLINI, Saltcellar of Francis I, 1540-1543.  Gold, enamel, and ebony, 10 1/4″ X 1′ 1 1/8″.  Stolen in 2003 from the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Bronzino_VenusBRONZINO, Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time, ca. 1546.  Oil on wood, 4′ 9 1/2″ X 3′ 9 3/4″.  National Gallery, London.

Michelangelo_PietaMICHELANGELO BUONARROTI, Pietà, ca. 1547-1555.  Marble, 7′ 8″ high.  Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Florence.

Anguissola_portrait of artists sistersSOFONISBA ANGUISSOLA, Portrait of the Artist’s Sisters and Brother, ca. 1555.  Oil on wood, 2′ 5 1/4″ X 3′ 1 1/2″.  Methuen Collection, Corsham Court, Wiltshire.

christ_in_the_house_of_leviPAOLO VERONESE, Christ in the House of Levi, from the refectory of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, Italy, 1573.  Oil on canvas, 18′ 3″ X 42′.  Galleria dell’Accademia, Venice.

bologna_abductionGIOVANNI DA BOLOGNA, Abduction of the Sabine Women, Loggia dei Lanzi, Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy, 1579-1583.  Marble, 13′ 5 1/2″ high.

tintoretto_last_supperTINTORETTO, Last Supper, 1594.  Oil on canvas, 12′ X 18′ 8″.  San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice.

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