Romanticism, Realism, Photography: Europe and America, 1800 to 1870

ART UNDER NAPOLEON

David_NapoleonJACQUES-LOUIS DAVID, Napoleon Crossing the Saint-Bernard Pass, 1800–1801. Oil on canvas, 8’ 11” × 7’ 11”. Musée National du Château de Versailles, Versailles.

Gros_napoleonANTOINE-JEAN GROS, Napoleon at the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804.  Oil on canvas, 17′ 5″ X 23′ 7″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

david_coronation-of-napoleonJACQUES-LOUIS DAVID, Coronation of Napoleon, 1805-1808.  Oil on canvas, 20′ 4 1/2″ X 32′ 1 3/4″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

Ingres_Napoleon_on_his_Imperial_throneJEAN-AUGUSTE-DOMINIQUE INGRES, Napoleon on His Imperial Throne, 1806. Oil on canvas, 8’ 8 5/8” × 5’ 3”. Musée de l’Armée, Palais des Invalides, Paris.

canova-pauline_borghese_as_venusANTONIO CANOVA, Pauline Borghese as Venus, 1808.  Marble, 6′ 7″ long.  Galleria Borghese, Rome.

girodet-trioson_the-burial-of-atalaANNE-LOUIS GIRODET-TRIOSON, Burial of Atala, 1808.  Oil on canvas, 6′ 11″ X 8′ 9″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

ingres_la-grande-odalisqueJEAN-AUGUSTE-DOMINIQUE INGRES, Grande Odalisque, 1814.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 11 7/8″ X 5′ 4″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

ROMANTICISM

Fuseli_The-NightmareHENRY FUSELI, The Nightmare, 1781.  Oil on canvas, 3′ 3 3/4″ X 4′ 1 1/2″.  Detroit Institute of the Arts (Founders Society purchase with funds from Mr. and Mrs. Bert L. Smokler and Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Fleishman).

goya_the-sleep-of-reason-produces-monstersFRANCISCO GOYA, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, from Los Caprichos, ca. 1798.  Etching and aquatint, 8 1/2″ X 5 7/8″.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (gift of M. Knoedler & Co., 1918).

goya_charles-ivFRANCISCO GOYA, Family of Charles IV, 1800. Oil on canvas, 9’ 2” × 11’. Museo del Prado, Madrid.

friedrich_abbey-in-the-oak-forestCASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH, Abbey in the Oak Forest, 1810.  Oil on canvas, 4′ X 5′ 8 1/2″.  Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin.

Goya_third-of-mayFRANCISCO GOYA, Third of May, 1808, 1814-1815.  Oil on canvas, 8′ 9″ X 13′ 4″.  Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Friedrich_wandererCASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH, Wanderer above a Sea of Mist, 1817-1818.  Oil on canvas, 3′ 1 3/4″ X 2′ 5 3/8″.  Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg.

gericault_raft-of-medusaTHÉODORE GÉRICAULT, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-1819.  Oil on canvas, 16′ 1″ X 23′ 6″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

goya_saturnFRANCISCO GOYA, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819-1823.  Fresco, later detached and mounted on canvas, 4′ 9 1/8″ X 2′ 8 5/8″.  Museo del Prado, Madrid.

constable_the_haywainJOHN CONSTABLE, The Haywain, 1821.  Oil on canvas, 4′ 3 1/4″ X 6′ 1″.  National Gallery, London.

gericault_insane-womanTHÉODORE GÉRICAULT, Insane Woman, 1822-1823.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 4″ X 1′ 9″.  Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons.

delacroix_the-death-of-sardanapalusEUGÈNE DELACROIX, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827.  Oil on canvas, 12′ 1 1/2″ X 16′ 2 7/8″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

Delacroix_LiberteEUGÈNE DELACROIX, Liberty Leading the People, 1830.  Oil on canvas, 8′ 6″ X 10′ 8″.  Musée du Louvre, Paris.

delacroix_tiger-huntEUGÈNE DELACROIX, Tiger Hunt, 1854.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 5″ X 3′.  Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

Bierstadt_Among-the-Sierra-Nevada-MountainsALBERT BIERSTADT, Among the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, 1868.  Oil on canvas, 6′ X 10′.  National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

REALISM

daumier_rue-transnonainHONORÉ DAUMIER, Rue Transnonain, 1834.  Lithograph, 1′ X 1′ 5 1/2″.  Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (bequest of Fiske and Marie Kimball).

courbet__the-stone-breakersGUSTAVE COURBET, The Stone Breakers, 1849.  Oil on canvas, 5′ 3″ X 8′ 6″.  Formerly Gemäldegalerie, Dresden (destroyed in 1945).

Courbet_Burial-in-OrnansGUSTAVE COURBET, Burial at Ornans, 1849.  Oil on canvas, 10′ 3 1/2″ X 21′ 9 1/2″.  Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

Paxton.CrystalPalaceJOSEPH PAXTON, Crystal Palace, London, England, 1850-1851; enlarged and relocated at Sydenham, England, 1852-1854; destroyed by a fire in 1936.

Millais_OpheliaJOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 6″ X 3′ 8″.  Tate Gallery, London.

millet_the-gleanersJEAN-FRANÇOIS MILLET, The Gleaners, 1857.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 9″ X 3′ 8″.  Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

garnier_operaCHARLES GARNIER, Opéra (looking north), Paris, France, 1861-1874.

Daumier_The-Third-class-CarriageHONORÉ DAUMIER, Third-Class Carriage, ca. 1862.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 1 3/4″ X 2′ 11 1/2″.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (H.O. Havemeyer Collection, bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929).

manet_the-luncheon-on-the-grassÉDOUARD MANET, Le Déjeuner sur l’Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass), 1863.  Oil on canvas, 7′ X 8′ 8″.  Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

Manet_OlympiaÉDOUARD MANET, Olympia, 1863.  Oil on canvas, 4′ 3″ X 6′ 2 1/4″.  Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

Dante Gabriel Rossetti: Beata Beatrix, ca 1864-70.DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI, Beata Beatrix, ca. 1863.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 10″ X 2′ 2″.  Tate Gallery, London.

Homer_The-Veteran-in-a-New-FieldWINSLOW HOMER, Veteran in a New Field, 1865.  Oil on canvas, 2′ 1/8″ X 3′ 2 1/8″.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (bequest of Miss Adelaide Milton de Groot, 1967).

bouguereau_nymphs-and-satyrADOLPHE-WILLIAM BOUGUEREAU, Nymphs and a Satyr, 1873. Oil on canvas, 9’ 3/8” × 5’ 10 7/8”. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown.

PHOTOGRAPHY

Nadar_Eugène-DelacroixNADAR, Eugène Delacroix, ca. 1855.  Modern print, 8 1/2″ X 6 2/3″, from the original negative.  Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

osullivan_harvestTIMOTHY O’SULLIVAN, A Harvest of Death, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863.  Negative by Timothy O’Sullivan.  Albumen print by ALEXANDER GARDNER, 6 3/4″ X 8 3/4″.  New York Public Library (Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations, Rare Books and Manuscript Division), New York.

muybridge_horseEADWEARD MUYBRIDGE, Horse Galloping, 1878.  Calotype Print, 9″ X 12″.  George Eastman House, Rochester.

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